GROS ISLET, St Lucia — Climate resilience through green investment, the impact of de-risking and the promotion of sustainable economic growth were the center of focus at the fifth Caribbean Development Roundtable (CDR). Decision makers, senior policy makers and ministers addressed these pivotal topics over the course of a fruitful day of discussions, which took place on April 26, 2018, in Gros Islet, Saint Lucia.
Convened by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) subregional headquarters for the Caribbean, and hosted by the government of Saint Lucia, the CDR was officially opened by Raúl García-Buchaca, the deputy executive secretary of ECLAC for management and programme analysis, and Allen Chastanet, prime minister of Saint Lucia, minister for finance, economic growth, job creation, external affairs and the public service.
In his opening statement, Chastanet underscored the timeliness of the meeting and the importance of the issues to be discussed by emphasizing that “The Caribbean has ten of the most indebted middle-income countries in the world.”
Echoing the sentiments expressed by Chastanet, García-Buchaca highlighted that the Caribbean debt burden is one of the major challenges currently facing the subregion.
“The debt in many of the [Caribbean] countries is today above sustainable benchmarks,” García-Buchaca stated.
In this regard, he went on to outline the main differences between past remedial efforts – which have not achieved the desired results – and the ECLAC approach to debt reduction, most notably vis-à-vis the incorporation of a resilience building component, as well as the requirement for member states that elect to participate in such a debt for climate swap arrangement to pursue structural reforms.
Furthermore, García-Buchaca explained that ECLAC has already formed a multi-organizational task force to move ahead with the proposal. Comprised of representatives from Antigua and Barbuda, Saint Lucia, and St Vincent and the Grenadines, the task force has already met twice, in November 2017 and February 2018.
However, even as the Caribbean continues to grapple with its huge debt crisis, the subregion finds itself facing a new economic and financial threat. Commonly known as ‘de-risking’, this latest challenge consists in the loss of correspondent banking services (CBS) and correspondent banking relationships (CBR).
Prime minister of Antigua, Gaston Browne, further highlighted the intrinsic challenges caused by de-risking to Caribbean economies.
In particular, Browne noted that, “The most effective mechanism to fight anti-money laundering and countering financing of terrorism is full global cooperation among all states, not de-risking.”
Recognizing the need for urgent action, coordinator of the Economic Development Unit at ECLAC Caribbean, Sheldon McLean, presented the main short and long-term recommendations emerging from ECLAC’s latest study on the de-risking challenge.
“A disruption in CBR precipitates a financial shock which potentially can destabilize affected economies,” McLean stated.
In addition, through panel presentations and dialogue, the CDR considered other major issues facing the subregion, including opportunities for financing green investment for resilience building and structural transformation, and the need to promote fiscal responsibility and financial management through for the use of public expenditure reviews (PER).
Held every two years, the CDR provides a space for intellectual exchange and suggestions, with a view to identifying workable solutions to address the vulnerabilities of Caribbean small island developing states (SIDS).